Stock Market Trading Strategies
There are several trading strategies used by investors in buying and selling in the stock market. These strategies are used by investors to check out the stocks to buy and the time to sell them.
These strategies count up to more than a hundred ways, all tried and tested, all effective, and have been so for many years. Experts advise beginners to investigate some more of these basic trading strategies.
Hedging is a way of protecting an investment through the reduction of the risks involved in holding a particular stock. One way is buying a put option.
This allows the selling of the stock at a particular price within a certain time period. In turn, this offsets the risk of a decrease in the stock prices. (There will be a value increase of the put option as soon as the stock price falls.)
Selling financial futures like the S&P 500 is another way of hedging against market declines. However, the most expensive hedging strategy is to buy put options against individual stocks.
Investors with big portfolios is better off if they buy a put option on the stock market itself for the reason that it protects them from general market declines.
Dogs of the Dow
This strategy (popular in the 90s) entail the buying of the best-value stocks in the Dow Industrial Average. These are the ten stocks with the lowest P/E ratios but with the highest dividend yields.
This tactic hinges on the idea that these ten lowest companies have the most potential for growth. The Dow Index have their listed companies as those which have a reliable investment performance.
Pigs of the Dow
This is a 180-degree variation of the Dogs of the Dow strategy. In Pigs of the Dow, five of the worst-performing stocks on the Dow are selected, based on their price decline percentage from previous years.
The twist lies in the assumption that these Pigs of the Dow, the worst-performing five stocks, are going to rebound more than the others will.
Buying on margin
Buying on margin is buying stocks using money from a broker. Because of more stocks received despite the low investment, the investor is given more by margin buying rather than by full payments.
In the event the stock loses value, the losses in margin buying is correspondingly bigger. In order to limit these, investors have stop-loss orders when buying on margin. This is usually about 10% of the total account value.
Dollar cost averaging
This is investing fixed dollar amounts on a regular basis. (Example: monthly buys of shares from a mutual fund.)
A price drop will cause the investors to receive more shares for their money. Conversely, a raise in the price will cause fewer shares bought.
Value averaging is the alternative to dollar cost averaging. This involves a decision to have investments set to a regular value.
If the price of the fund increases, the investors will put in higher dollar amounts to match the increase. If the fund price decreases, they will spend less money. Their investment will average out to the actual cost of the fund.
To date, value averaging performs better than dollar cost averaging strategy most of the time. When used in tandem with the other stock market strategies, value averaging can actually help in securing investment fund growth.
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